In Windows, we can create directories from command line using the command mkdir(or md). Syntax of this command is explained below.
Create a folder from command line:
For example, to create a folder named ‘newfolder‘ the command is:
Create directory hierarchy
We can create multiple directories hierarchy(creating folder and sub folders with a single command) using mkdir command.
For example, the below command would create a new folder called ‘folder1’ and a sub folder ‘folder2’ and a sub sub folder ‘folder3’.
The above command is same as running the below sequence of commands.
mkdir folder1 mkdir folder1\folder2 mkdir folder1\folder2\folder3
Yoou need to have permissions to create folder for the command to work. Not having permissions to create folder would throw up ‘access denied’ error.
C:\Users>mkdir c:\Windows\System32\test Access is denied.
If there exists a file or folder with the same name, the command throws up error.
C:\>md test A subdirectory or file test already exists.
If you don’t see a file or folder with that name, make sure to check if it’s not hidden.
If the name needs to have space within, you should enclose it in double quotes.
For example, to create a folder with the name ‘My data’, the command would be
c:\>mkdir "my data"
Creating multiple folders
mkdir command can handle creating multiple folders in one go. So you can specify all the folders you wanted to create like below
C:\>mkdir folder1 folder2 subfolder1/folder3 subfolder2/subfolder21/folder4
The syntax of the command is incorrect.
If you get this error, make sure you are using the directory paths in Windows format and not in Linux format. On Linux, the directory paths are separated with ‘/’, but in Windows it’s ‘\’.
c:\>mkdir folder1/folder2 The syntax of the command is incorrect.
The right command is