Windows has two command line utilities to copy files/directories from command line. Copy command can be used to copy files from one folder to another folder. It can’t be used to copy a complete folder to another location on the disk. Xcopy allows us to do this. Let’s see how we can copy a directory along with all the files and sub directories to another location.
Xcopy /E /I SourceFolder DestinationFolder
Let’s say we need to copy a directory called C:\dir1\sourcedir to a location named D:\data\destinationdir.
Now you can run the below command to copy the complete sourcedir to D:\data\destination
Xcopy /E /I C:\dir1\sourcedir D:\data\destinationdir
In the above command we can also use relative paths of the folders with respect to the current directory.
Understanding the command
/E – This option makes sure that empty subfolders are copied to the destination.
/I – Avoids prompting if the destination is a folder or file. Not required if you are adding a trailing ‘\’ to the destination folder, like below.
Xcopy /E C:\dir1\sourcedir D:\data\destinationdir\
/S – This option is not required if you are using /E. /E ensures that all subfolders are also copied to the destination.